If you want to do well, do it yourself. And if so decided, confidence alone will not be enough – knowledge is needed. Knowledge of the quality of materials, technology features, possible problems and errors. You will need skills that will certainly appear in the course of work. And at the initial stage, they can be spied on by others and taken into service. How to mount stretch ceilings with your own hands – in the materials of this article. Stretch ceilings are in demand due to the high level of aesthetics and ease of installation.
Stretch ceilings in the apartment, house: convincing “yes”
Everything new is well forgotten old. The walls of the dwellings, including the ceilings, were covered with fabric in the era of the pharaohs. The great popularity of installing suspended ceilings in rooms today is explained by a combination of the following design qualities:
Stretch ceiling is able to emphasize and decorate a faceless and expressionless interior.
- high level of aesthetics;
- availability and speed of installation;
- the ability to hide under the canvas the shortcomings of the main ceiling;
- variety of coatings.
Among the products offered on the market, it is not difficult to choose an option for every taste that meets a certain style of design. With the help of the stretch fabric, you can emphasize, decorating the faceless and inexpressive interior.
As for the physical costs, with any other way to make the ceiling perfectly even, they will require much more. Putty involves preparing the mixture using additional tools at this stage. Then follows application, leveling, waiting for drying, grinding … After working with putty, a serious cleaning of the room will be required.
Do not withstand competition and suspended ceiling. Make it as a stretch, perfectly smooth and fast, such a ceiling will not work. The need to install each fragment, fixing to the concrete ceiling (most often it is), will require a significant amount of time.
The market offers a wide selection of stretch ceiling options
In terms of performance and installation specifics, tension structures today occupy a leading position.
Standard technology for installing suspended ceilings
The technology for installing suspended ceilings is based on fixing the material to the top of the walls or to the ceiling itself around the entire perimeter of the room. That is, a frame is needed for the canvas. It is executed from profiles with a specific configuration of the internal part. It is very important that the planes to which the baguettes will be fixed do not have protrusions, hollows, etc. Therefore, defects are eliminated on the walls before mounting the structure. This is done both with the help of leveling mixtures, and with the use of drywall.
Baguettes are attached with a certain step, which is 10-20 cm, depending on the density of the canvas, which determines its weight. Then the material is inserted directly into the profiles. There can be several ways of fixing.
When using almost any technology, the suspended ceiling, that is, the canvas, cannot adjoin the wall tightly. Therefore, a gap is formed between the surface and the film. It does not affect the functioning of the structure, but for aesthetic purposes it is covered with a strip of soft, colorless material.
Standard technology for installing suspended ceilings implies the presence of a frame made of profiles
Important! When using different paintings and technologies, any installation of a stretch ceiling must begin with preliminary measurements. This should be done by a person who will directly perform the work.
The importance of preparing the base surface for suspended ceilings
Warranty on suspended ceilings – 10-25 years, depending on the material used. But it will correspond to the declared deadline only if all the preparatory work has been completed before the start of installation, in particular, the base surface is brought into proper condition. The canvas will hide irregularities, but it is strongly recommended not to pay attention to the cracks in the main ceiling.
Such defects tend to continue the destructive process. Over time, the crack will increase, pieces of plaster or the base of the ceiling will fall off from the edges and collect on the inner surface of the film. In order to avoid these problems, before installing suspended ceilings, the ceiling must be strengthened by closing all cracks and cracks.
Moreover, if defects were formed due to increased humidity, then it is worth using moisture resistant materials. Concrete floors are best repaired with cement mortars. If it is impossible to eliminate defects locally, it is advisable to hem the ceiling with light sheet materials.
Before installing the stretch fabric, it is necessary to strengthen and repair all cracks and cracks in the ceiling.
In conditions when concrete floor slabs are at different levels and form a threshold on the ceiling, it is not recommended to putty or putty the place of their junction with any kind of mortar. Firstly, it is inefficient; secondly, the plaster of such joints, due to vibrations (they are not felt, but must take place), will crumble.
Is it possible to install the stretch ceiling yourself
Many people prefer to make repairs in their house or apartment on their own. The reasons can be different – from the need or desire to save money to bewilderment due to the inability to find qualified professionals who should be trusted. Can I do the installation of a stretch ceiling with my own hands? Everyone must find the answer to this question themselves.
Only desire is not enough. There are several necessary conditions:
- knowledge of installation technology;
- the availability of tools, devices and the ability to use them;
- skills for making the right measurements;
- painstakingness, consistency and patience as traits of character.
The installation process will give the desired result only if you carefully and gradually perform the necessary actions. In order to stretch the ceilings, as practice shows, even physical efforts should be distributed in a certain way and concentrated in the right direction.
Not everyone can do the installation of a stretch ceiling with their own hands
Professionals mount designs in 2.5-4 hours. An independent installation will require an additional 1.5-2 hours, as the lack of skills affects. More time is usually spent on marking and fixing the profile.
Useful advice! Before deciding on self-installation of a stretch ceiling, it’s worth trying to get a piece of canvas on a baguette fragment to understand the features of the fixing technique. This part of the work most often causes difficulties.
Ways to install a stretch ceiling: advantages and disadvantages
There are three main ways to install suspended ceilings, for which different types of fixtures are available. The basis of the latter are profiles (baguettes), their internal structure ensures the fixation of the canvas. When installing suspended ceilings with your own hands, the following technologies are used:
The most common way of attaching a stretch ceiling is harpoon technology
- Harpoon. The main fastening element received its name due to its resemblance to a hunting gun. Baguettes are fixed to the walls. Harpoons are welded along the perimeter of the fabric, which attach the film to the baguette and contribute to its tension.
- Wedge (or bead). The profile for this type of installation is used U-shaped. Using plastic (sometimes wooden) glazing beads, the web is clamped in the profile.
- Clip-on. The profile is plastic. In its internal part there are elements that act on the principle of clothespins – clips: the inserted web is latched.
Before installing the suspended ceiling, it is worth deciding on the type of fastening. The choice of the canvas largely depends on it. The harpoon system is the most common, but it can only be used when installing PVC films. Clip option – for fabric ceilings. The wedge method is used for two types of canvases, but professional skills are needed to stretch and fix the film canvas well without damage. In this regard, it is easier to work with fabric material, but it is not easy to provide the necessary tension.
The wedge method allows you to install a stretch ceiling with a minimum deviation from the base base – 1.5-2 cm is enough. The clip-on mount does not leave a gap between the ceiling and the wall, so no gaskets are used. But for the harpoon system, decorative closing of the gap is necessary, otherwise aesthetics are lost.
The type of fastening of the suspended ceiling should be decided in advance
Profiles used in the installation of suspended ceilings
As mentioned above, the main fastening of the stretch ceiling are profiles (baguettes). According to the features of functioning, they are divided into the following types:
- Ceiling. They are fixed to the base around the perimeter. They are used in cases where the installation of a stretch ceiling on the walls is impossible.
- Wall. They are installed in the upper part of the walls around the perimeter of the entire room.
- Separating. With a large area of the room, it is impossible to provide the necessary tension of the canvas. To maintain it, additional profiles are attached to the center of the room. Dividing baguettes are also used for decorative purposes, when the ceiling is formed from separate sectors that differ in color or texture of the canvas.
- Layered. They allow mounting several tiers of the ceiling.
- Corner They are used when installing the stretch fabric in rooms with a complex layout.
- Structural. They have cuts at the same distance along the entire length. By bending, they create the necessary ceiling structure.
The profiles for installing ceilings differ in the quality of the material. They are made of plastic and metal. Metal elements are more durable and durable. Plastic is cheaper, lighter, practically does not reduce the height of the premises, irregularities are not an obstacle to fastening.
The profiles used in the installation of suspended ceilings are ceiling, wall, dividing, multi-level and angular
Important! When choosing a plastic baguette for a wall with surface defects, you need to be sure that the bumps will not affect the quality of the canvas tension.
Stretch ceiling tools: main types, application
In order to independently install the ceiling, you must prepare the appropriate tools. To take measurements and set the level you will need:
- laser level with a bar;
You can apply a level without a bar, but then you need an assistant who will hold the device. It is permissible to replace the ladder with small goats that will not cause difficulties in their movement.
The following tools will be used to secure profiles:
- a grinder or hacksaw for metal (for cutting metal baguettes);
- hammer drill;
The main tools for fixing the stretch ceiling are the blades for the introduction of the canvas in the profiles
Directly fastening and tensioning the structure is carried out using the following basic devices:
- crocodile suspensions (a cloth is hung on them at the corners;
- heat guns for heating (if the material is PVC film);
- blades for embedding the web in profiles.
If the origin of the walls and the paths of the communications built into them are not fully understood, it is worthwhile to fasten the profiles with a metal detector. This will prevent unwanted damage to pipes, cables, etc. The spatula can be transformed into a blade with your own hands. For stretch ceilings, too sharp edges and corners should not be used, so the tool should be made a little rounded on the sides and slightly smoothed the edge. It is better to use blades with a width of 10-12 cm. Wider ones may not allow adjusting the web tension to the right degree.
How to make stretch ceilings on gypsum walls
Drywall is used during repairs for cladding and even for the construction of walls. When covering, when the load falls on the main wall, there are usually no problems with installing the ceiling with your own hands, just the opposite – the even surface of the sheets allows you to perfectly mark and fix the profile.
The situation is different if the stretch ceiling is supposed to be mounted on plasterboard walls. The usual installation method is unacceptable, since the gypsum walls will not withstand the load, the sheets will bend, deform. Even at the stage of installing a profile frame structure, it is necessary to use mortgages, which are often used as a wooden beam. Its dimensions are determined by the features of the stretch ceiling. For a multi-level, a beam of 10 cm wide will be optimal.
For the installation of a stretch ceiling on plasterboard walls, sheets with a thickness of at least 1.2 cm are suitable
Installing an additional mount as follows:
- a frame of profiles is mounted in accordance with standard technology for the construction of drywall walls;
- at the top, at the ceiling level, a mortgage is installed around the entire perimeter;
- the beam is fixed at the end of the supporting structure.
In order to make the stretch ceiling do-it-yourself on plasterboard walls, as technology requires, it is necessary to use gypsum sheets with a thickness of at least 1.2 cm.
Useful advice! If the load on the drywall walls after installing the stretch ceiling is assumed to be insignificant, instead of a wooden beam, a thick guide profile can be used.
How to remove the stretch ceiling with your own hands: the sequence of actions
The need to remove the stretch ceiling, subject to all the preliminary work is rare. But situations where communication systems require changes or a desire to update the interior appears, still take place. To remove the ceiling, where the harpoon system was used as a fastener, is easy for yourself. The procedure may be as follows:
To remove the stretch ceiling, you must first remove the decorative insert
- The decorative insert filling the gap between the wall and the ceiling is removed. To do this, you need to examine the perimeter with a stepladder to find the junction.
- Preheat the film. When using a heat gun, it is convenient to immediately process the entire canvas. If a building hair dryer is used, it will be possible to heat up with parts that are supposed to be removed at a certain point.
- In the corner, find the end of the harpoon soldering, which you need to grab with pliers and pull on yourself. It is necessary to pull out a cloth carefully, applying uniform efforts not to damage a film.
After removal, the material must be laid on a clean, even surface, especially if the stretch ceiling is white.
All of the above actions related to PVC films. Despite their durability, fabric cloths are much more difficult to dismantle. It is almost impossible to remove glazing beads without tissue damage on their own. And masters do not always guarantee integrity. The lack of sufficient elasticity does not allow re-installation of fabric webs.
In the corner you need to find the end of the harpoon soldering and using pliers to pull it towards you
How to install a suspended ceiling after repair
Reinstalling the stretch ceiling, provided that the canvas has retained its integrity, is not difficult. This is especially true for PVC films. If during the repair the position of the profiles has not changed, it remains only to perform the reverse steps to dismantling:
- The canvas needs to be hooked on crocodile suspensions in the four corners of the room.
- Heat the film with a heat gun.
- Using a spatula, to bring the canvas into the corners in profile, after removing it from the suspensions.
- Continue to insert the film into the profile, moving from the middle of each wall to the edges.
If you have an idea of how to do stretch ceilings with your own hands, installation after repair will not take much time.
It is more difficult to cope with the canvas on which there are patches. When tensioned, the cut area may burst. Therefore, you should especially carefully refuel the material in this part.
Places of a cloth with patches should be especially carefully tucked into the profile
If the damage to the film is at a distance of not more than 10 cm from the profile, as a rule, the canvas needs to be cut to eliminate the defect. Installation after such a repair seems simple theoretically. In practice, stretching the area without wrinkles is not easy.
Important! Do not remove the fabric to eliminate defects. It is impossible to fix it again in the profiles due to lack of stocks, since after the initial installation all excess tissue is cut off.
How to stretch a stretch ceiling after flooding
Not a single suspended ceiling is insured against flooding if there is still any dwelling above it. The reason is not always in the human factor. Accidents happen that are simply impossible to prevent. The canvas after flooding has a threatening appearance: a huge bubble forms in the center, which hangs over the furniture.
In fact, this design is the most resistant to the problem of flooding. You only need to know how the stretch ceiling is stretched after exposure to water. The best thing in these situations is to call a specialist. But it’s quite possible to cope on your own. It is necessary to act as follows:
After flooding the suspended ceiling, the first thing to do is turn off the electricity
- Turn off electricity in the entire house or apartment.
- Prepare a hose and containers for draining, cover the furniture and objects that could be damaged by water.
- Remove the lamp, insert a hose into the hole and try to remove fluid through it. If there are no luminaires, it is necessary to dismantle a small part of the ceiling so that a hose can be introduced. Make it better in one of the corners.
Then you should figure out how to install the stretch ceiling with your own hands, that is, return it to its original position. First you need to dry the surface, leaving open the hole for the lamp or the dismantled corner. The canvas can self-recover after drying. If this does not happen, you will have to heat up the deformed areas, for which a household hair dryer is useful.